Monday, February 4, 2019

Importance of Artificial Intelligence in Medical Science


We live in the era of 4th industrial revolution that is Artificial Intelligence (AI). With AI taking over all domains of our lives, robotics surgery is at the forefront of this innovation being carried out in the healthcare industry! With the proportion of patients healthcare professionals on an unfavourable incline, robots and AI are not only venturing in to fill the void but also offering accuracy and precision that totally takes out the extension for human error.
AI in Medical Science

In the USA, that implies saving over 250,000 lives per year! Given third highest cause of death in the USA is known to be medical mistakes, automation seems to reduce the burden on human surgeons perform perfect all the time.
The surgical robots are designed in light of specific surgeries and techniques in mind, testing the surgeons for the requirements and the issues faced amid the actual process of surgery. AI helps the surgeons by determining what is happening during a complex surgery by supplying real-time data points related to the movements made by the surgeons during the procedure. Additionally, AI is being used to pledge analysis of a surgeon’s technical abilities and skills with products like web-based surgical risk and quality management tools that are designed to minimize  the “black box” of surgical visibility.Tools like these provide medical professionals a workspace to leverage and manage surgical content to not only help identify the risk factors but to reduce it, and facilitate data-enabled training, and improve overall quality.
AI is helping a lot in Medical Science

The procedure, called hysterectomy was Pakistan’s first ever robotic surgery. It was done on a lady with intractable bleeding acquiring multiple transfusions. The uterus of the 55-year-old patient, was successfully removed. 
Unlike humans, automated robots learn through patterns and happen to duplicate results flawlessly. This lessens the risk of human error associated with surgery by leaps and bounds. This possibility in itself makes this technology worth exploring and researching. Furthermore, there exist semi-assisted systems like the Da Vinci surgical system, which have been around for a decade in surgical space. It's been proven to be one of the safest and minimally invasive approaches to conduct surgery.
While AI-assisted surgery is still in its infancy state, it is progressing rapidly as health systems are collecting and integrating data into their processes. Advanced analytics, deep learning methodologies and machine learning techniques are being used concurrently to unleash best practices from the billions of data elements and critical insights associated with robotic-assisted surgery.
AI based surgical robots are also tackling another major problem that the health-care industry faces that is manpower planning. The doctor-patient ratio is declining at a fast pace and robots are serving as an essential solution to tackle that. Obviously with assisted systems, the surgeons have to spend relatively less time in surgery than that spent in the surgery done manually. If only the surgery is automated solely, manpower planning will no longer be an issue soon.
Authored By Muneeba Anwar
"Muneeba Anwar is a Built-In-Geek ; Tech Enthusiast who finds solace in reading and writing about latest technologies. She keeps a close eye on happenings in the world of technology and absolutely love to write on tech-related and geeky stuff. You can reach her out at"

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Best review for Netflix movie "TAU" which is based on Artificial Intelligence


Can you imagine what would happen if you managed to program your Alexa or Siri device to not only lower your thermostat or turn your lights on and off, but kill any intruders? That’s basically the conclusion of TAU where the computer of the same name is voiced by none but the Oscar winner, Gary Oldman. 

Artificial Intelligence has become a buzzword in recent years and it has made its way to the film industry too. Back in 2018, a Netflix Sci-fi thriller TAU made its way to the screens and offered its viewers an experience to cherish. The movie featured a woman named Julia who is taken captive by a tech researcher Alex and TAU - his cutting edge, artificial intelligence system.

Human Vs Artificial Intelligence. Will It Be An AI-Take Over In The Coming Decades?

TAU - Movie Review

Psychological thrillers encompassing artificial intelligence serves as some of my favourite movies. This genre has immense potential to explore artificial minds, as well as frantic with their capabilities. In order to do so, they require exceptionally fleshed out writing. With TAU, an effort has been made to bridge the fact that AI can be made emotionally aware. We usually think of AI as robots taking over the world, and there prevails negativity associated with AI, especially as depicted by the movies (most of the time). Emotions are important and incredibly hard to teach an AI. TAU is an intriguing movie that postulates a central question of what is a person. TAU highlights the reality that AI can be argued with, influenced, persuaded because if it simulates human mind, then it is capable of desire, curiosity, and morality. Blind obedience is not a substitute for AI, yet, AI creates a mind capable of decision making given evidence to work with!

I ended up perplexing about how to enhance the situation of the lead character if I was in the same role. Whoever composed the primary character, worked admirably! More consideration could be paid to the secondary character as the AI regularly is more fascinating than the auxiliary character.

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Should We Consider Thugs Of Hindustan A Critical Success For Amir Khan ?


Bollywood heart-throb Aamir Khan's latest ritzy venture, Thugs of Hindostan sank wretchedly at the box office! The film became the subject of criticism for critics and viewers alike. With the cast including Khan himself, mega star Amitabh Bachchan, Katrina Kaif and Fatima Sana Sheik, the flick considered to be a blockbuster.

With the super-star cast and the earlier released thrilling trailers, the film managed to create hype among the audience and people began questioning if the Thugs of Hindostan is going to be a critical success for Amir Khan? Soon after its release, the film simply didn’t match the spectator’s expectations. Why? Let’s explore some reasons.


The Not-So-Good track record of the director:

What might have served as one of the core reasons for the movie’s failure was the not-so-promising track record of the director, Vijay Krishna Achary
His directorial background shines light on how he has gotten golden opportunities for creating big banner and high budget like Tashan (2008) and Dhoom 3 (2013). Despite the fact that both these movies starred the finest star cast and had a very hard working crew, they both were a ‘nay’ for the audience.

Of course criticising Vijay Krishna Acharya solely on basis of two movies aforementioned is definitely not right, as he has given pretty exceptional screenplays in successful films like Dhoom & Dhoom2. But he definitely overdoes things, when it comes to direction. Amir Khan might have made a mistake here while expanding a colossal budget of 250 Crores with a director with this background.

Similarity with Pirates Of the Caribbean:

You simply cannot help but compare Thugs Of Hindustan to the Pirates of the Caribbean as it’s a picture perfect match from the action set pieces and production design to the characters! Aamir Khan's character Firangi Mallah is an Indian version of Captain Jack Sparrow played by Johnny Depp in POC. Khan, knowingly or unknowingly has even depicted the distinct accent of Mr. Sparrow, chugs a bottle of whiskey like our beloved drunkard Sparrow, in fact walks and dances unusually like Sparrow! Amitabh Bachhan’s character is Captain Hector Barbossa.

Amitabh Bachchan

Disappointing Music:

The movie disappointed the song-lovers big time. Honestly speaking, Thugs Of Hindustan did not offer any impressive song. Two item numbers by Katrina Kaif were also considered disappointing and unnecessary.

Poor Graphics and Plot:

With almost a 300 Crore budget, this film is, generally, splashed in CGI, like its partner 'Baahubali'. Setting pardons like time, spending plan and accessibility aside, the visual effects looked below par. The VFX used in certain shots and scenes looked like as if they're plucked straight out of an expensive video game.

The film pretty much begins with muskets, substantial rain and filling explosive in overwhelming rain. In the event that you think that it’s strange, this is pretty much tone for rest of the picture. The songs were choreographed like they were being done for some film fare award functions.

Saturday, December 29, 2018

Can #metoo Have Lasting Influence To Stop Sexual Harassment?


The day of 5th October 2017 served as a red-letter day in the decades-long rumpus against sexual harassment when the New York Times reported numerous allegations against film producer Harvey Weinstein, of serious sexual harassment, including rape marking the inception of global momentum for the hashtag MeToo. #metoo was initiated by social activist Tarana Burke back in 2006 and stimulated by the actor Alyssa Milano to motivate and encourage people to share their stories of sexual assault and harassment, long untold or unheard.

Can #metoo Have Lasting Influence To Stop Sexual Harassment ?

It was this blend of outrage including a powerful, wealthy prominent man combined with the tsunami of everyday encounters shared through social media that has made an urge for change on sexual harassment. What began in the United States swung rapidly to a worldwide development that has taken firm hold in Pakistan as well.

Over the previous months, Pakistan has been encountering a drawn out #MeToo moment. The nation did not encounter a similar surge of stories and a noteworthy crest as the West did in the fall of 2017. Rather, gradually, women, and a few men, have been gathering the courage to stand up about the trauma of sexual harassment. Given the troublesome and in some cases risky conditions in which individuals who have endured the sexual assault turned out to recount their stories  in Pakistan, this sustained trend has made a remarkable impact.

Sunday, November 4, 2018

Social inclusion of persons with disabilities


Social inclusion is all about creating equal opportunities for the people in a society irrespective of their color, caste and creed. It is an act to improve the dignity and ability of those disadvantaged for their identity. Social inclusion is extremely necessary for the prosperity of a society. It plays a key role in maintaining equality.

Disability can not limit a person's skills

There is no doubt that people can be present in a community without being socially included. What it takes for being socially included means that a number of things should be present in people’s lives. Social inclusion means that people:
  • Experience a sense of belonging
  • Have social relationship with 
  • Experience acceptance - for who they are - within their communities
  •  Have friends 
  • Are actively participating in the community and playing their parts for its betterment
  • Are participating in activities based on their personal preferences
  • Have valued roles in the community
At the point when individuals encounter all or even some of these conditions throughout their life they will probably be more joyful and more beneficial. Truth be told, social incorporation is a critical "determinant of well being" – without consideration, individuals will probably encounter weakness (counting poor psychological well-being), dejection, segregation, and poor confidence.

A man with inabilities implies a person who, by virtue of damage, sickness, or intrinsic distortion, is incapacitated in undertaking any productive calling or work, and incorporates people who are visually impaired, hearing hindered, and physically and rationally disabled. Numerous individuals with incapacities superfluously encounter life in an unexpected way. They might not have a "feeling of equality" in the network and might not approach exercises they lean toward or want. Disable people need chances to work, play, learn and create social associations with others (especially with individuals who don't have an incapacity). Individuals with disabilities are frequently not recognized in the society, or on the off chance that they are, it might be adversely.

Sunday, August 19, 2018

17th Young Leaders Conference Pakistan - 2018!


The Young Leaders Conference is a six-day, five-night residential conference hosted by School of Leadership where 300 rural and urban promising young leaders stay and learn together from the wisdom of 50 top social, political, business, and art leaders as well as from the engagement of the country’s foremost facilitators. YLC is an experiential journey geared towards positively engaging the youth over a period of 6 days in a rigorous training program comprising of panel dialogues, thematic exploration sessions, powerful leadership simulations, personal story-telling, capacity building pieces of training and empowering team support.

This year I had the pleasure of attending the 17th Young Leaders’ Conference held in Lahore from 1st to 6th July. The theme of this year was #ITSTIME!

Credits: Carving Memories

I applied for Asia Foundation’s NEXUS programme, according to which the applicant had to submit an idea that could help in solving the prevailing water-food and energy crises in the country. Luckily my application got accepted and I was sponsored by the Asia Foundation for the conference which covered my entire conference expenses!

Excited, I packed my luggage and headed towards the School of Leadership (SOL) office on 30th June’s morning as I was leaving for Lahore by road with a chunk of SOL team. It was a perfect road-trip from Karachi to Lahore. We left at 8 am in the morning and reached by around 10 am, the other day. It was a mesmerizing experience.  It was 26 hours tiring yet an unforgettable journey.

The guys were to stay in Hospitality Inn hotel and girls were to stay in Faletti’s hotel, while all the events were held in Faletti’s Hotels halls. Upon entering the Faletti’s hotel I was welcomed by the polite volunteers who not only guided us to the registration desk but were kind enough to help us carry our luggage too. All the participants were allotted teams and given YLC id card, 2 t-shirts, a bag and a diary.

Participants were divided into groups and each group was allotted a room or suite and after all this process we literally rushed to our rooms and got ready.

Day 01 (officially begins): Wearing my tees and ready to start the day, I entered the hall where there were games laid out for the participants. It was a networking session where everyone played different games and made some new friends.
Soon the inauguration ceremony started, and Shireen Naqvi with Kamran Rizvi, the founders of SOL welcomed us with great zeal.

Kamran Rizvi and Shireen Naqvi – Inauguration ceremony.

Kamran Rizvi
Credits: Carving Memories
Shireen Naqvi
Credits: Carving Memories

We had lunch and then back to back sessions with evening tea and dinner in between. The day finally ended at 12 at night.

Day 02 – Officially the first morning of YLC in Faletti’s. We were woken up at 7 by sharp knocks on doors by the YFs and were told to reach the breakfast hall by 8 am. The day started at 8:30 am and the theme of the day was: Context Setting –Pakistan: Philosophy, Psychology, Possibilities. We had some creative challenges that day. The first one was Sooper Hai Pakistan in which every team had to prepare and present a unique video highlighting the positive image of Pakistan.

Credits: Carving Memories

Later in the evening there was a puzzle challenge where every team were given two verses of Allama Iqbal all jumbled up, and we had to put them together correctly in shortest possible time.

The thrill of the day reached its peak when Shuja Haider arrived to rock the show! He shared his life story with the audience also rocked the stage with his magical voice.

The prominent speakers for the day were: Justice Nasira Iqbal, Faisal Sherjan (Director NIC Lahore), Yusuf Hussain (CEO IGNITE), Junaid Iqbal (CEO Careem Pakistan), Dr. Umer Saif (Chairman Punjab Information Technology Board).