Saturday, June 8, 2019

Some very useful Tips to visit Mahodand Lake, Pakistan


Mahodand Lake can be considered one of the most beautiful lakes of the world without any doubt but how can one reach to this place? This is the question I have been asked many times by some friends after my recent visit to this place. 
Mahodand Lake
For all my friends as well as for the community i have been connected with through google as local guide, I am writing here some useful tips to reach at this beautiful place.

If you are traveling from outside Pakistan then you have to apply for tourist visa first. Pakistan's current government is very supportive for tourism industry, promoting and facilitating it at all levels. They are also committed to provide full security to all the foreigners who are willing to visit Pakistan. One of the recent examples is "Eva ZuBeck" a Polish lady who has spent eight months in Pakistan, shared her experiences through her YouTube channels. You can check it out if you have any little hesitation left before visiting Pakistan.

Beautiful Sunset in Mengora, Swat Valley

If you are from Pakistan or coming from any other country, you first have to reach Islamabad and then from here you need to take a bus or hire a car for Saidu Sharif or Mengora, Swat Valley. It will take around 4 to 5 hours drive from Islamabad. You must have to stay a night at Saidu sharif, Serena Swat is the best option. Early morning after the breakfast, you can hire a car for Kalam valley, it is another 5 hours drive from Saidu Sharif. Road condition is good till Bahrain valley but after that you will have to face some hard travel due to road construction these days. This patch will be completed within next few months according to local sources.
Kalam Valley
After reaching Kalam Valley, it's preferable to stay a night first, there are plenty of good options now for stay in Kalam. You need to hire a SUV or Jeep with local driver from Kalam for mahodand. The Best time to travel for this lake is the morning time, you should leave around 9 am from Kalam so that you can easily reach there around 11 am but it depends on the weather and traffic. During peak season, it can take 3 to 4 hours as well. Road condition from Kalam to Mahodand is not good neither it can be constructed so only expert drivers can drive on this road.

Recommended months to travel for this lake are from April till September but if you need to enjoy the green landscape more as well as need to see the glaciers closely then visit from Jun till August. 

Try to keep yourself hydrate and keep a bit amount of snacks and biscuits for munching while traveling. Do not forget to keep some chewing gum with you, it will help to keep your ears open :)

Always keep some basic medicines whenever you need to travel anywhere especially to the hilly areas. On the way to Mahodand, You will not find any pharmacy or medical store so keeping emergency medicines with you will really beneficial while traveling to this lake.

Keep warm clothes, You might face some cold weather on top even in peak summer season.
Mahodand Lake, Pakistan
Once you reach there, You can enjoy boating, eat fish or chicken Karahi but i will prefer to eat fish from there. You can even stay there for a night in a camp but if you are with family then i will prefer you to come back to Kalam Valley, stay night there and then travel back to Saidu sharif or Mengora next day. Stay night there, enjoy the beauty of Swat valley with roaring river swat and travel back to Islamabad next day.

Don't forget to bring your Camera, You will have heavenly beautiful scenes to capture during  your whole journey to Mahodand Lake.

Sunday, March 31, 2019

Importance of STEM Education for Girls in Pakistan


This is twenty nineteen and we are lucky that we are living in the era where we have access to cutting edge technologies encompassing Artificial Intelligence and STEM education. STEM based education is not conventional education. STEM is a curriculum based on the idea of providing education in four specific subjects: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics — in an applied and interdisciplinary approach. STEM integrates the four subjects into a cohesive learning paradigm, rather than teaching the four disciplines as discrete and separate subjects, rooting real-world applications.  It is particularly designed with the mixture of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics to stimulate the enthusiasm of children to pursue a career in these fields.

STEM education for Girls

Education has always been a matter of concern in Pakistan. Despite the fact that government and non-governmental organizations are playing their part in escalating this sector yet still we have attained only 60% literacy rate. From that 60%, we have 5% of girls who are gaining STEM related education. I don’t think it will be naïve of me to state that the STEM fields have historically been dominated by men. It is a fact that women have made exceptional efforts to increase their representation in current decades but we’re far from parity. There are a host of reasons for this that includes malign stereotypes that women aren’t good at math or science, structural limitations that make it hard for women to advance, lack of opportunities etc.

After graduating as a Software Engineer recently, I have started my career as a STEM instructor and I was astonished to see the potential it offers! STEM education builds analytical and critical thinking in kids from a very young age.  It is a fun learning process that creates problem solving skills in young minds.  It is a delight to know that Pakistan actually has plenty of on-going STEM career projects. The aim of hosting these projects is to inspire, encourage, and provide our youth especially girls to show them a path that STEM can be chosen as a career path. We have various contests such - National Science Talent Contest - NSTC and National Engineering Competition – NEC to fuel the passion prevailing in the young minds. Not only that, we have numerous STEM institutions that are brilliantly playing their part in broadening this domain.

STEM education for Girls

What I find a troubling factor is girls are (generally speaking) given less chance to pursue a career in their desired fields. Typically domains of Engineering and STEM are associated with boys and girls have to struggle to conduct a career there. Throughout their educational career, from pre-school to graduation level, girls put a lot of efforts in their studies and after graduating many want to start a professional career to put forth all that hard work into reality. The real challenge begins then, that is, can they work professionally in their fields of graduation? So many girls have to encounter suggestions like: “You should look for a job in school since you are a girl and you cannot work in a male dominated office.”
Dwelling in this high-tech world, fast-paced it is the right time that girls should be provided chances to step in the fields based on their interests. Moreover, modern education methodologies such as STEM education and Artificial Intelligence should be taught to girls or in fact can be made a part of girls’ school’s curriculum to forge their passion towards these domains.

Authored By Muneeba Anwar
"Muneeba Anwar is a Built-In-Geek ; Tech Enthusiast who finds solace in reading and writing about latest technologies. She keeps a close eye on happenings in the world of technology and absolutely love to write on tech-related and geeky stuff. You can reach her out at"

Monday, February 4, 2019

Importance of Artificial Intelligence in Medical Science


We live in the era of 4th industrial revolution that is Artificial Intelligence (AI). With AI taking over all domains of our lives, robotics surgery is at the forefront of this innovation being carried out in the healthcare industry! With the proportion of patients healthcare professionals on an unfavourable incline, robots and AI are not only venturing in to fill the void but also offering accuracy and precision that totally takes out the extension for human error.
AI in Medical Science

In the USA, that implies saving over 250,000 lives per year! Given third highest cause of death in the USA is known to be medical mistakes, automation seems to reduce the burden on human surgeons perform perfect all the time.
The surgical robots are designed in light of specific surgeries and techniques in mind, testing the surgeons for the requirements and the issues faced amid the actual process of surgery. AI helps the surgeons by determining what is happening during a complex surgery by supplying real-time data points related to the movements made by the surgeons during the procedure. Additionally, AI is being used to pledge analysis of a surgeon’s technical abilities and skills with products like web-based surgical risk and quality management tools that are designed to minimize  the “black box” of surgical visibility.Tools like these provide medical professionals a workspace to leverage and manage surgical content to not only help identify the risk factors but to reduce it, and facilitate data-enabled training, and improve overall quality.
AI is helping a lot in Medical Science

The procedure, called hysterectomy was Pakistan’s first ever robotic surgery. It was done on a lady with intractable bleeding acquiring multiple transfusions. The uterus of the 55-year-old patient, was successfully removed. 
Unlike humans, automated robots learn through patterns and happen to duplicate results flawlessly. This lessens the risk of human error associated with surgery by leaps and bounds. This possibility in itself makes this technology worth exploring and researching. Furthermore, there exist semi-assisted systems like the Da Vinci surgical system, which have been around for a decade in surgical space. It's been proven to be one of the safest and minimally invasive approaches to conduct surgery.
While AI-assisted surgery is still in its infancy state, it is progressing rapidly as health systems are collecting and integrating data into their processes. Advanced analytics, deep learning methodologies and machine learning techniques are being used concurrently to unleash best practices from the billions of data elements and critical insights associated with robotic-assisted surgery.
AI based surgical robots are also tackling another major problem that the health-care industry faces that is manpower planning. The doctor-patient ratio is declining at a fast pace and robots are serving as an essential solution to tackle that. Obviously with assisted systems, the surgeons have to spend relatively less time in surgery than that spent in the surgery done manually. If only the surgery is automated solely, manpower planning will no longer be an issue soon.
Authored By Muneeba Anwar
"Muneeba Anwar is a Built-In-Geek ; Tech Enthusiast who finds solace in reading and writing about latest technologies. She keeps a close eye on happenings in the world of technology and absolutely love to write on tech-related and geeky stuff. You can reach her out at"

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Best review for Netflix movie "TAU" which is based on Artificial Intelligence


Can you imagine what would happen if you managed to program your Alexa or Siri device to not only lower your thermostat or turn your lights on and off, but kill any intruders? That’s basically the conclusion of TAU where the computer of the same name is voiced by none but the Oscar winner, Gary Oldman. 

Artificial Intelligence has become a buzzword in recent years and it has made its way to the film industry too. Back in 2018, a Netflix Sci-fi thriller TAU made its way to the screens and offered its viewers an experience to cherish. The movie featured a woman named Julia who is taken captive by a tech researcher Alex and TAU - his cutting edge, artificial intelligence system.

Human Vs Artificial Intelligence. Will It Be An AI-Take Over In The Coming Decades?

TAU - Movie Review

Psychological thrillers encompassing artificial intelligence serves as some of my favourite movies. This genre has immense potential to explore artificial minds, as well as frantic with their capabilities. In order to do so, they require exceptionally fleshed out writing. With TAU, an effort has been made to bridge the fact that AI can be made emotionally aware. We usually think of AI as robots taking over the world, and there prevails negativity associated with AI, especially as depicted by the movies (most of the time). Emotions are important and incredibly hard to teach an AI. TAU is an intriguing movie that postulates a central question of what is a person. TAU highlights the reality that AI can be argued with, influenced, persuaded because if it simulates human mind, then it is capable of desire, curiosity, and morality. Blind obedience is not a substitute for AI, yet, AI creates a mind capable of decision making given evidence to work with!

I ended up perplexing about how to enhance the situation of the lead character if I was in the same role. Whoever composed the primary character, worked admirably! More consideration could be paid to the secondary character as the AI regularly is more fascinating than the auxiliary character.

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Should We Consider Thugs Of Hindustan A Critical Success For Amir Khan ?


Bollywood heart-throb Aamir Khan's latest ritzy venture, Thugs of Hindostan sank wretchedly at the box office! The film became the subject of criticism for critics and viewers alike. With the cast including Khan himself, mega star Amitabh Bachchan, Katrina Kaif and Fatima Sana Sheik, the flick considered to be a blockbuster.

With the super-star cast and the earlier released thrilling trailers, the film managed to create hype among the audience and people began questioning if the Thugs of Hindostan is going to be a critical success for Amir Khan? Soon after its release, the film simply didn’t match the spectator’s expectations. Why? Let’s explore some reasons.


The Not-So-Good track record of the director:

What might have served as one of the core reasons for the movie’s failure was the not-so-promising track record of the director, Vijay Krishna Achary
His directorial background shines light on how he has gotten golden opportunities for creating big banner and high budget like Tashan (2008) and Dhoom 3 (2013). Despite the fact that both these movies starred the finest star cast and had a very hard working crew, they both were a ‘nay’ for the audience.

Of course criticising Vijay Krishna Acharya solely on basis of two movies aforementioned is definitely not right, as he has given pretty exceptional screenplays in successful films like Dhoom & Dhoom2. But he definitely overdoes things, when it comes to direction. Amir Khan might have made a mistake here while expanding a colossal budget of 250 Crores with a director with this background.

Similarity with Pirates Of the Caribbean:

You simply cannot help but compare Thugs Of Hindustan to the Pirates of the Caribbean as it’s a picture perfect match from the action set pieces and production design to the characters! Aamir Khan's character Firangi Mallah is an Indian version of Captain Jack Sparrow played by Johnny Depp in POC. Khan, knowingly or unknowingly has even depicted the distinct accent of Mr. Sparrow, chugs a bottle of whiskey like our beloved drunkard Sparrow, in fact walks and dances unusually like Sparrow! Amitabh Bachhan’s character is Captain Hector Barbossa.

Amitabh Bachchan

Disappointing Music:

The movie disappointed the song-lovers big time. Honestly speaking, Thugs Of Hindustan did not offer any impressive song. Two item numbers by Katrina Kaif were also considered disappointing and unnecessary.

Poor Graphics and Plot:

With almost a 300 Crore budget, this film is, generally, splashed in CGI, like its partner 'Baahubali'. Setting pardons like time, spending plan and accessibility aside, the visual effects looked below par. The VFX used in certain shots and scenes looked like as if they're plucked straight out of an expensive video game.

The film pretty much begins with muskets, substantial rain and filling explosive in overwhelming rain. In the event that you think that it’s strange, this is pretty much tone for rest of the picture. The songs were choreographed like they were being done for some film fare award functions.

Saturday, December 29, 2018

Can #metoo Have Lasting Influence To Stop Sexual Harassment?


The day of 5th October 2017 served as a red-letter day in the decades-long rumpus against sexual harassment when the New York Times reported numerous allegations against film producer Harvey Weinstein, of serious sexual harassment, including rape marking the inception of global momentum for the hashtag MeToo. #metoo was initiated by social activist Tarana Burke back in 2006 and stimulated by the actor Alyssa Milano to motivate and encourage people to share their stories of sexual assault and harassment, long untold or unheard.

Can #metoo Have Lasting Influence To Stop Sexual Harassment ?

It was this blend of outrage including a powerful, wealthy prominent man combined with the tsunami of everyday encounters shared through social media that has made an urge for change on sexual harassment. What began in the United States swung rapidly to a worldwide development that has taken firm hold in Pakistan as well.

Over the previous months, Pakistan has been encountering a drawn out #MeToo moment. The nation did not encounter a similar surge of stories and a noteworthy crest as the West did in the fall of 2017. Rather, gradually, women, and a few men, have been gathering the courage to stand up about the trauma of sexual harassment. Given the troublesome and in some cases risky conditions in which individuals who have endured the sexual assault turned out to recount their stories  in Pakistan, this sustained trend has made a remarkable impact.